Four novel yeasts from decaying organic matter: Blastobotrys robertii sp. nov., Candida cretensis sp. nov., Candida scorzettiae sp. nov. and Candida vadensis sp. nov.
Middelhoven WJ, Kurtzman CP.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek (2007)
Category: monooxygenase, yeast taxonomy ¤ Added: Apr 14, 2011 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Four novel yeast species are described, two from decaying mushrooms, viz. Candida cretensis and Candida vadensis, and two from rotten wood, viz. Blastobotrys robertii and Candida scorzettiae. Accession numbers for the CBS and ARS Culture Collections, and GenBank accession numbers for the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit of ribosomal DNA are: B. robertii CBS 10106(T), NRRL Y-27775, DQ839395; C. cretensis CBS 9453(T), NRRL Y-27777, AY4998861 and DQ839393; C. scorzettiae CBS 10107(T), NRRL Y-27665, DQ839394; C. vadensis CBS 9454(T), NRRL Y-27778, AY498863 and DQ839396. The GenBank accession number for the ITS region of C. cretensis is AY498862 and that for C. vadensis is AY498864. C. cretensis was the only species of the four that displayed fermentative activity. All four type strains grew on n-hexadecane. C. scorzettiae is the only one of the new species that assimilates some phenolic compounds, viz. 3-hydroxy derivatives of benzoic, phenylacetic and cinnamic acids, but not the corresponding 4-hydroxy acids. This is indicative of an operative gentisate pathway.