The diversity of eukaryotic microbiota in the traditional Slovak sheep cheese--bryndza.
Laurencík M, Sulo P, Sláviková E, Piecková E, Seman M, Ebringer L
Int J Food Microbiol (2008) 127: 176-179.
Category: biotechnology, yeast-misc, yeast taxonomy ¤ Added: Jul 16, 2009 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
We investigated the occurrence and diversity of yeasts and filamentous fungi in bryndza an artisanal Slovak soft spreadable cheese prepared from raw sheep milk or from a mixture of sheep and cow milk. Samples collected during four months of the summer production period from two locations (northern and southern parts of central Slovakia) contained 10(5)-10(7) (cfu) yeasts and about 10(2) (cfu) of mold per gram of wet weight. Further characterization by conventional taxonomy and sequence comparison of D1/D2 region from 26S rRNA gene revealed Mucor circinelloides v. Tieghem as the predominant filamentous fungus. A novel Geotrichum sp. together with Kluyveromyces (K. lactis/K. marxianus) was identified as the most abundant yeast species. Occasionally other yeasts, such as Candida inconspicua, Candida silvae, Pichia fermentans and Trichosporon domesticum were found. Conventional taxonomy readily identified isolates to the genus level, but DNA sequence comparison was capable of discriminating them at the species level.
Keywords: Animals / Cattle / Cheese / Colony Count, Microbial / Food Microbiology / Fungi / Humans / Milk / Phylogeny / Sheep / Slovakia / Species Specificity / Yeasts