Influences of Writing Tasks on StudentsÂ’ Answers to Recall and Higher-Level Test Questions.
Hand B, Prain V, Wallace C
Research in Science Education (2002)
Category: teaching ¤ Added: Oct 01, 2002 ¤ Rating: ◊
This paper reports on two inter-related studies that examined the use of non-traditional writing strategies within secondary school science classrooms. The first study involved Year 10 students who incorporated one letter writing experience into the learning sequence when studying genetics. The second study was with Year 9 students who used both a non-traditional laboratory writing heuristic and letter writing as part of the learning sequence when studying a topic on light. The same teacher was involved in both case studies. A higher-level analogy question was added to the teacher-prepared tests for each study to examine if students who participated in writing-to-learn activities were able to perform significantly better as a group than a group of students who completed traditional teacher directed laboratory activities and note-taking. Results indicate that for the first study there was not a significant difference using t -test analysis, while for the second study involving two writing treatments there was a statistically significant difference using t -test analysis. There was no statistically significant difference in responses between treatment and control groups when answering low level recall questions for either case study. Student interviews indicated awareness by students of the metacognitive value gained by using the non-traditional writing types.