Genetic Ablation of Calcium-independent Phospholipase A2{gamma} Leads to Alterations in Mitochondrial Lipid Metabolism and Function Resulting in a Deficient Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Phenotype.
Mancuso DJ, Sims HF, Han X, Jenkins CM, Guan SP, Yang K, Moon SH, Pietka T, Abumrad NA, Schlesinger PH, Gross RW
Journal of Biological Chemistry (2007)
Category: bioenergetics, lipids, mitochondria, respiration ¤ Added: Nov 29, 2007 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Previously, we identified a novel calcium-independent phospholipase, designated calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) gamma (iPLA(2)gamma), which possesses dual mitochondrial and peroxisomal subcellular localization signals. To identify the roles of iPLA(2)gamma in cellular bioenergetics, we generated mice null for the iPLA(2)gamma gene by eliminating the active site of the enzyme through homologous recombination. Mice null for iPLA(2)gamma display multiple bioenergetic dysfunctional phenotypes, including 1) growth retardation, 2) cold intolerance, 3) reduced exercise endurance, 4) greatly increased mortality from cardiac stress after transverse aortic constriction, 5) abnormal mitochondrial function with a 65% decrease in ascorbate-induced Complex IV-mediated oxygen consumption, and 6) a reduction in myocardial cardiolipin content accompanied by an altered cardiolipin molecular species composition. We conclude that iPLA(2)gamma is essential for maintaining efficient bioenergetic mitochondrial function through tailoring mitochondrial membrane lipid metabolism and composition.