Sequencing complete mitochondrial and plastid genomes.
Burger G, Lavrov DV, Forget L, Lang BF
Nature Protocols (2007)
Category: mitochondrial DNA ¤ Added: Oct 26, 2007 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Organelle genomics has become an increasingly important research field, with applications in molecular modeling, phylogeny, taxonomy, population genetics and biodiversity. Typically, research projects involve the determination and comparative analysis of complete mitochondrial and plastid genome sequences, either from closely related species or from a taxonomically broad range of organisms. Here, we describe two alternative organelle genome sequencing protocols. The "random genome sequencing" protocol is suited for the large majority of organelle genomes irrespective of their size. It involves DNA fragmentation by shearing (nebulization) and blunt-end cloning of the resulting fragments into pUC or BlueScript-type vectors. This protocol excels in randomness of clone libraries as well as in time and cost-effectiveness. The "long-PCR-based genome sequencing" protocol is specifically adapted for DNAs of low purity and quantity, and is particularly effective for small organelle genomes. Library construction by either protocol can be completed within 1 week.