|Characterization of AP lyase activities of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ntg1p and Ntg2p: implications for biological function.|
Meadows KL, Song B, Doetsch PW
Nucleic Acids Research (2003)
Category: mitochondria-inheritance, mitochondrial DNA ¤ Added: Oct 01, 2007 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Saccharomyces cerevisiae possesses two Escherichia coli endonuclease III homologs, NTG1 and NTG2, whose gene products function in the base excision repair pathway and initiate removal of a variety of oxidized pyrimidines from DNA. Although the glycosylase activity of these proteins has been well studied, the in vivo importance of the AP lyase activity has not been determined. Previous genetic studies have suggested that the AP lyase activities of Ntg1p and Ntg2p may be major contributors in the initial processing of abasic sites. We conducted a biochemical characterization of the AP lyase activities of Ntg1p and Ntg2p via a series of kinetic experiments. Such studies were designed to determine if Ntg1p and Ntg2p prefer specific bases located opposite abasic sites and whether these lesions are processed with a catalytic efficiency similar to Apn1p, the major hydrolytic AP endonuclease of yeast. Our results indicate that Ntg1p and Ntg2p are equally effective in processing four types of abasic site-containing substrates. Certain abasic site substrates were processed with greater catalytic efficiency than others, a situation similar to Apn1p processing of such substrates. These biochemical studies strongly support an important biological role for Ntg1p and Ntg2p in the initial processing of abasic sites and maintenance of genomic stability.