Organization, dynamics and transmission of mitochondrial DNA: focus on vertebrate nucleoids.
Malka F, Lomb├Ęs A, Rojo M
Biochemica et Biophysica Acta (2006)
Category: mitochondrial DNA, mitochondrial nucleoids ¤ Added: Jan 21, 2007 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Eukaryotic cells contain numerous copies of the mitochondrial genome (from 50 to 100 copies in the budding yeast to some thousands in humans) that localize to numerous intramitochondrial nucleoprotein complexes called nucleoids. The transmission of mitochondrial DNA differs significantly from that of nuclear genomes and depends on the number, molecular composition and dynamic properties of nucleoids and on the organization and dynamics of the mitochondrial compartment. While the localization, dynamics and protein composition of mitochondrial DNA nucleoids begin to be described, we are far from knowing all mechanisms and molecules mediating and/or regulating these processes. Here, we review our current knowledge on vertebrate nucleoids and discuss similarities and differences to nucleoids of other eukaryots.