Vma9p (subunit e) is an integral membrane V0 subunit of the yeast V-ATPase
Compton MA, Graham LA, Stevens TH
Journal of Biological Chemistry (2006)
Category: vacuole ¤ Added: Oct 20, 2006 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) is composed of 14 subunits distributed between a peripheral V1 subcomplex and an integral membrane V0 subcomplex. Genome-wide screens have led to the identification of the newest yeast V-ATPase subunit, Vma9p. Vma9p (subunit e) is a small hydrophobic protein that is conserved from fungi to animals. We demonstrate that disruption of yeast VMA9 results in the failure of V1 and V0 V-ATPase subunits to assemble onto the vacuole and in decreased levels of the subunit a isoforms Vph1p and Stv1p. We also show that Vma9p is an integral membrane protein, synthesized and inserted into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which then localizes to the limiting membrane of the vacuole. All V0 subunits and V-ATPase assembly factors are required for Vma9p to efficiently exit the ER. In the ER, Vma9p and the V0 subunits interact with the V-ATPase assembly factor Vma21p. Interestingly, the association of Vma9p with the V0-Vma21p assembly complex is disrupted with the loss of any single V0 subunit. Similarly, Vma9p is required for V0 subunits Vph1p and Vma6p to associate with the V0-Vma21p complex. In contrast, the proteolipids associate with Vma21p even in the absence of Vma9p. These results demonstrate that Vma9p is an integral membrane subunit of the yeast V-ATPase V0 subcomplex and suggest a model for the arrangement of polypeptides within the V0 subcomplex.