Engineering a rare-cutting restriction enzyme: genetic screening and selection of NotI variants
Samuelson JC, Morgan RD, Benner JS, Claus TE, Packard SL, Xu SY
Nucleic Acids Research (2006)
Category: miscellaneous ¤ Added: Feb 12, 2006 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Restriction endonucleases (REases) with 8-base specificity are rare specimens in nature. NotI from Nocardia otitidis-caviarum (recognition sequence 50-GCGGCCGC-30) has been cloned, thus allowing for mutagenesis and screening for enzymes with altered 8-base recognition and cleavage activity. Variants possessing altered specificity have been isolated by the application of two genetic methods. In step 1, variant E156K was isolated by its ability to induce DNA-damage in an indicator strain expressing M.EagI (to protect 50-NCGGCCGN-30 sites). In step 2, the E156K allele was mutagenized with the objective of increasing enzyme activity towards the alternative substrate site: 50-GCTGCCGC-30. In this procedure, clones of interest were selected by their ability to eliminate a conditionally toxic substrate vector and induce the SOS response. Thus, specific DNA cleavage was linked to cell survival. The secondary substitutions M91V, F157C and V348M were each found to have a positive effect on specific activity when paired with E156K. For example, variant M91V/E156K cleaves 50-GCTGCCGC-30 with a specific activity of 8.2 ยท 104 U/mg, a 32-fold increase over variant E156K. A comprehensive analysis indicates that the cleavage specificity of M91V/E156K is relaxed to a small set of 8 bp substrates while retaining activity towards the NotI sequence.