Separate fusion of outer and inner mitochondrial membranes.
Malka F, Guillery O, Cifuentes-Diaz C, Guillou E, Belenguer P, Lombes A, Rojo M
EMBO Reports (2005)
Category: mitochondria-biogenesis ¤ Added: Sep 23, 2005 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Mitochondria are enveloped by two closely apposed boundary membranes with different properties and functions. It is known that they undergo fusion and fission, but it has remained unclear whether outer and inner membranes fuse simultaneously, coordinately or separately. We set up assays for the study of inner and outer membrane fusion in living human cells. Inner membrane fusion was more sensitive than outer membrane fusion to inhibition of glycolysis. Fusion of the inner membrane, but not of the outer membrane, was abolished by dissipation of the inner membrane potential with K(+) (valinomycin) or H(+) ionophores (cccp). In addition, outer and inner membrane fusion proceeded separately in the absence of any drug. The separate fusion of outer and inner membranes and the different requirements of these fusion reactions point to the existence of fusion machineries that can function separately.