|Spontaneous Mutations in Diploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae: More Beneficial Than Expected.|
Joseph SB, Hall DW
Category: evolution ¤ Added: Jan 04, 2005 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
We performed a 1012-generation mutation-accumulation (MA) experiment in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The MA lines exhibited a significant reduction in mean fitness and a significant increase in variance in fitness. We found that 5.75% of the fitness-altering mutations accumulated were beneficial. This finding contradicts the widely held belief that nearly all fitness-altering mutations are deleterious. The mutation rate was estimated as 6.3 x 10(-5) mutations per haploid genome per generation and the average heterozygous fitness effect of a mutation as 0.061. These estimates are compatible with previous estimates in yeast.