Iron requirement for GAL gene induction in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Shi X, Chabarek K, Budai A, Zhu Z
Journal of Biological Chemistry (2003)
Category: gene expression, iron ¤ Added: Apr 06, 2004 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Iron is an essential nutrient. Its deficiency hinders the synthesis of ATP and DNA. We report that galactose metabolism is defective when iron availability is restricted. Our data support this connection because 1) galactose-mediated induction of GAL promoter-dependent gene expression was diminished by iron limitation, and 2) iron-deficient mutants grew slowly on galactose-containing medium. These two defects were immediately corrected by iron replacement. Inherited defects in human galactose metabolism are characteristic of the disease called galactosemia. Our findings suggest that iron-deficient galactosemic individuals might be more severely compromised than iron-replete individuals. This work shows that iron homeostasis and galactose metabolism are linked with one another.