Dual targeting and function of a protease in mitochondria and chloroplasts.
Bhushan S, Lefebvre B, Ståhl A, Wright SJ, Bruce BD, Boutry M, Glaser E
EMBO Reports (2003)
Category: mitochondria-biogenesis ¤ Added: Nov 07, 2003 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Here we show, using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion system, that an Arabidopsis thaliana zinc-metalloprotease (AtZn-MP) is targeted to both mitochondria and chloroplasts. A deletion mutant lacking the amino-terminal 28 residues, with translation initiation at the second methionine residue, was imported into chloroplasts only. However, a mutated form of the full-length targeting peptide, in which the second methionine residue is changed to leucine, was imported to both organelles. No GFP fluorescence was detected when a frame-shift mutation was introduced between the first and second ATG codons of the Zn-MP-GFP construct, suggesting no alternative translational initiation. Our results show that the dual targeting of the Zn-MP is due to an ambiguous targeting peptide. Furthermore, we show that the recombinant AtZn-MP degrades mitochondrial and chloroplastic targeting peptides, indicating its function as a signal peptide degrading protease in both mitochondria and chloroplasts.