Mmm1p Spans Both the Outer and Inner Mitochondrial Membranes, and Contains Distinct Domains for Targeting and Foci Formation.
Kondo-Okamoto N, Shaw JM, Okamoto K
Journal of Biological Chemistry (2003)
Category: mitochondria-inheritance ¤ Added: Oct 01, 2003 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the integral membrane protein Mmm1p is required for maintenance of mitochondrial morphology and retention of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Mmm1p localizes to discrete foci on mitochondria that are adjacent to mtDNA nucleoids in the matrix, raising the possibility that this protein plays a direct role in organizing, replicating or segregating mtDNA. Although Mmm1p has been shown to cross the outer membrane with its Cterminus facing the cytoplasm, the location of the N-terminus has not been resolved. Here we show that Mmm1p spans both the outer and inner mitochondrial membranes, exposing its Nterminus to the matrix. Surprisingly, deletion of the N-terminal extension decreased steady-state levels of the Mmm1 protein, but did not affect mitochondrial morphology or mtDNA maintenance. Moreover, expression of Neurospora crassa MMM1, which naturally lacks a long N-terminal extension, substituted for loss of Mmm1p in budding yeast. These results indicate that the matrix-exposed portion of Mmm1p is not essential for mtDNA nucleoid maintenance. Additional studies revealed that the transmembrane segment and C-terminal domain of Mmm1p are required for foci formation and mitochondrial targeting, respectively. Our data suggest that Mmm1p’s double membrane-spanning topology at the membrane contact site is critical for formation of tubular mitochondria.