Purification of a reconstitutively active K+/H+ antiporter from rat liver mitochondria.
Li XQ, Hegazy MG, Mahdi F, Jezek P, Lane RD, Garlid KD
Journal of Biological Chemistry (1990)
Category: ion channels ¤ Added: Jul 28, 2003 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
We describe purification of three different states of the 82-kDa K+/H+ antiporter from rat liver mitochondria. The denatured 82-kDa protein, identified by its selective labeling with [14C]dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD), was purified by preparative two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. This purified product was used to raise and immunopurify monospecific polyclonal antibodies. Western blot analysis showed that the [14C] DCCD-labeled 82-kDa protein is not a DCCD-crosslinked product. The native, [14C]DCCD-labeled, 82-kDa protein was purified by (NH4)2SO4 fractionation and column chromatography, using 14C labeling and gel electrophoresis to track the protein. The native, non-DCCD-labeled 82-kDa protein was purified by similar procedures, using immunopurified antibodies to track the protein. DCCD binding had no effect on chromatographic behavior of the antiporter protein. This protocol resulted in purification of the 82-kDa protein to apparent homogeneity. The purified, native 82-kDa protein was reconstituted into proteoliposomes and assayed for K+ transport with the new fluorescent probe, PBFI. K+ transport was electroneutral and was inhibited by DCCD, Mg2+, and timolol. The turnover number for K+ transport was about 1000 s-1, very similar to the value previously estimated in intact mitochondria.