Mitochondrial DNA of Hydra attenuata (Cnidaria): a sequence that includes an end of one linear molecule and the genes for l-rRNA, tRNA(f-Met), tRNA(Trp), COII, and ATPase8.
Pont-Kingdon G, Vassort CG, Warrior R, Okimoto R, Beagley CT, Wolstenholme DR
Journal of Molecular Evolution (2000)
Category: mitochondrial DNA ¤ Added: Feb 13, 2003 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
The 3231-nucleotide-pair (ntp) sequence of one end of one of the two linear mitochondrial (mt) DNA molecules of Hydra attenuata (phylum Cnidaria, class Hydrozoa, order Anthomedusae) has been determined. This segment contains complete genes for tRNA(f-Met), l-rRNA, tRNA(Trp), subunit 2 of cytochrome c oxidase (COII), subunit 8 of ATP synthetase (ATPase8), and the 5' 136 ntp of ATPase6. These genes are arranged in the order given and are transcribed from the same strand of the molecule. As in two other cnidarians, the hexacorallian anthozoan Metridium senile and the octocorallian anthozoan Sarcophyton glaucum, the mt-genetic code of H. attenuata is near standard. The only modification appears to be that TGA specifies tryptophan rather than termination. Also as in M. senile and S. glaucum, the encoded H. attenuata mt-tRNA(f-Met) has primary and secondary structural features resembling those of Escherichia coli initiator tRNA(t-Met). As the encoded mt-tRNA(Trp) cannot be folded into a totally orthodox secondary structure, two alternative forms are suggested. The encoded H. attenuata mt-l-rRNA is 1738 nt, which is 451 nt shorter than the M. senile mt-l-rRNA. Comparisons of secondary structure models of these two mt-l-rRNAs indicate that most of the size difference results from loss of nucleotides in the H. attenuata molecule at a minimum of 46 locations, which includes elimination of six distinct helical elements.