Topological complexity of different populations of pBR322 as visualized by two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis. .
Martin-Parras L, Lucas I, Martinez-Robles ML, Hernandez P, Krimer DB, Hyrien O, Schvartzman JB
Nucleic Acids Research (1998)
Category: topoisomerase ¤ Added: Nov 19, 2002 ¤ Rating: ◊◊
Neutral/neutral two-dimensional (2D) agarose gelelectrophoresis was used to investigate populations of the different topological conformations that pBR322 can adopt in vivo in bacterial cells as well as in Xenopus egg extracts. To help in interpretation and identification of all the different signals, undigested as well as DNA samples pretreated with DNase I, topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II were analyzed. The second dimension of the 2D gel system was run with or without ethidium bromide to account for any possible changes in the migration behavior of DNA molecules caused by intercalation of this planar agent. Finally, DNA samples were isolated from a recA-strain of Escherichia coli , as well as after direct labeling of the replication intermediates in extracts of Xenopus laevis eggs. Altogether, the results obtained demonstrated that 2D gels can be readily used to identify most of the complex topological populations that circular molecules can adopt in vivo in both bacteria and eukaryotic cells.